Memory is defined as a sub-function of the brain and natural procedure of data or sometimes information holding into the brain. In this procedure, routine life observations gather in our brain and are recalled by us at any time which we call \”thinking\”. In fact memory and the brain is a network of interconnected neurons that are constantly changing and the memory storage comes into existence in the shape of a multi-model network of neurons. It\’s simply a neural activity taking place in the brain. This helps an individual behave rationally; one can also train their minds to attain certain levels of success.
According to neurologists, there are two definite types of memory which are \”short-term\” and \”long-term\” memory. Short-term memory is described as the process of recollecting the information that is currently being observed by a human. In this regard, many people have the natural capacity of holding up only six to eight things in mind one time. And if they try to handle more, their initial observations are lost and replaced by their central memory items.
Short-Term Memory (the RAM of a computer)
The system of Short term memory is like a computer RAM (Random Access Memory); in RAM a computer\’s data in current use is processed and displayed on monitor screen. As soon as we shut down the computer or the power is lost, the data in RAM is immediately erased. The same is the case with short-term memory of the brain. As it is explained by neuroscientists is that sensory organs like eyes, ears etc first receive senses and send messages to Cerebral cortex of the brain where sensory memory holds it up for a very smaller part of a second. Anything that a person feels, sees or touches is subject to lose unless it is fully concentrated by that person for at least 10 seconds. It is then transferred to Short term memory. The memory is then stored in a round evolving circuit. Some scientists believe that after a completion of the evolving of that round circle, three things happen, (1) the information will be repeated, (2) the information will be transferred to long term memory, (3) or it will be completely erased from the brain.
Long Term Memory (The Hard Disk of a computer) is a category of our memory system that can retain unlimited information for an unlimited time period. It works like hard disk of a computer where data is stored permanently and retrieved at any time. Long term memory is also further divided into two more sub-categories. First is the type of memory that is slow to adopt but constant in existence, that is, procedural memory. Examples include \”how to knot our necktie, and how to drive an automobile\” etc. such types of memory are less likely to change or erase. Second type of memory is more subject to change or loss, that is, declarative memory. Examples include remembering the facts like dates, names etc.
Whatever is the type of memory; there are three certain processes that are part of all types of memories. They are (1) encoding (2) storing (3) recollecting. According to scientists, the specific location of Long term memory storage is almost unknown; however it is stored in various sectors of nervous system. It is very important to note the human memory and the brain work hand in hand to bring about success in anything the individual does.